Picea omorika / Abete dei Balcani
|Species:||Picea omorika (Pancic) Purkyne.|
|Italian common noun:||Abete dei Balcani, Peccio di Siberia|
Origin: Bosnia, Serbia
Botanical characteristics: It is a strictly columnar evergreen conifer with pendulous branches, ascending at summit. It is medium-growing and reaches 30 meters in height. The peculiarities of its single needles are the flatness, the absence of cross-sections and the presence of two white streaks on the lower surface. It is a monoecious plant with male and female flowers that are separated but on the same plant. The pendulous dark purple cones are 5 cm long and have large rounded scales.
Agronomic-environmental characteristics: Before the last ice age, it was widespread in Europe. Now its habitat is restricted. This plant needs deep, moist but well-drained soils, which can be neutral or acid. It tolerates alkaline soils and requires full sun exposure.
Use: It is cultivated as ornamental plant, preferably as specimen plant in parks and gardens. It is used for reforestation, too.
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