Carpinus betulus

Carpinus betulus
Carpinus betulus
Carpinus betulus

Plant type

Medium trees

Common name
Carpino bianco, Carpino comune




  • Medium trees

    Sun Exposition

  • Half-shadow
  • Sun


  • D.Lgs 386/2003

    Leaf Persistance

  • Deciduous

    Crown Shape

  • Conical

    Flower Colour

  • Non significant

    Flowering Period

  • 04-April
  • 05-May

    Climatic Zone

  • 7

    Continent of Origin

  • Asia
  • Europa

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Origin: Europe, Minor Asia.

Botanical characteristics: It is a medium-sized deciduous tree with branches from the base.  It has a pyramidal growth habit or a rounded crown when it gets pruned as a tree. It has a sinuous trunk with vertical grooves and a smooth grey bark. It has got elliptical leaves with acute tip, doubly serrated margins and very impressed veins. They are golden-yellow in autumn. The infructescenses consist of a nutlet (Nucula) subtended by a green three-lobed  leaf-like bract. Dried leaves and infructescenses persist on the plant all winter.

Agronomic and environmental characteristics: Once this plant formed the Po valley, together with oak, this vegetal association was called Quercus- Carpinetum. It can be found on fresh, rich and well-drained soils in the woodlands of the Po valley, and most rarely in the hills. It adapts to calcareous and clay soils, too.

Use: It is ideal for formal hedges since it withstands drastic and repeated pruning. It can be used as a single plant, in groups, for natural or pruned hedges and windbreaks. It can also be grown as small tree. It is suitable for avenues and car parks. It is used to cover slopes and for reforestation. In the Garden of the Venetian Villa the “Carpinata” was an avenue with Carpinus all along, which could have been planted at different distances and it could have been natural shaped or pruned to form a green tunnel.